Azithromycin is a popular antibiotic medication used for treating bacterial infections. They may include strep throat, traveller’s diarrhoea, intestinal infections, pneumonia, and ear infections. It can also be used for treating certain sexually transmitted infections like gonorrhoea infections and Chlamydia.
Patients have reported that there were evidences of side effects observed due to the use of Azithromycin. The common ones would include upset stomach, vomiting, and nausea. An allergic reaction to the drug is also very likely to occur in patients. It is not fully known if the drug is safe for breastfeeding mothers, but it is assumed to be safe. It reduces the protein production in the bacterial cells which ultimately stops the growth.
Azithromycin was introduced in the year 1980 and is listed among the World Health Organisation’s List of Essential Medications for being safe and effective to the human body. The generic form of the drug is also available in the market and can be bought from pharmacies and medical stores. Several trade names are used for this drug in different countries.
Uses of Azithromycin
Azithromycin is used for the treatment of bacterial infections that can occur in different locations. It is also called a macrolide-type antibiotic. It aims to stop the growth of bacteria in the body. This medication will not work in case of viral infections like flu and common cold. If the drug is misused or used unnecessarily, it can reduce the effectiveness.
Side Effects of Azithromycin
Many past reports have shown that there are certain side effects that might show up as a result of Azithromycin. They are usually mild in nature. But, some may turn out to be little severe causing a significant disruption in your daily life. In order to avoid these, talk to your doctor about it. Here are some of the side effects that patients are likely to experience.
- Loose stools
- Irritation, reddening, itching, blistering, and crusting of the skin
- Cough increased
- Body pain or aches
- Cloudy or bloody urine
- Scaly, dry or cracked skin
- Tarry, black, or bloody stools
- Cough increased
- Burning while urinating
- General sensation of illness or discomfort
- Pounding, racing, irregular, or fast heartbeat
- Soreness or dryness of the throat
- Dark urine
- Laboured or difficult breathing
- Increase in cough
- Chest pain
- Noisy breathing
- Light-coloured stools
- Rash or itching
Contraindications of Azithromycin
The conditions that do not allow the patient to have Azithromycin are mentioned below:
- Allergic reaction to marcrolide antibiotics
- Clostridium difficile infection
- Hearing loss
- Slow heartbeat
- Liver problems
- Abnormal liver function
- Myasthenia Gravis
Pregnancy and Azithromycin
The FDA had assigned Azithromycin to the category B1 and B in Australia and United Stated respectively. This means that there is no harm to the mother or the foetus. Animal studies show that the drug is safe during pregnancy.
Mode of Ingestion
The drug needs to be taken orally in the form of suspension, tablet, or capsules. It can also be given intravenously.