Seromycin is a popular antibiotic which is used along with other medicines for treating tuberculosis. People who are resistant or intolerant to other types of medications, use Seromycin. The medicine is also used for the treatment of some particular bacterial infections in the urinary tract.
Composition of Seromycin
The active ingredient of seromycin is cycloserine. The other inactive ingredients include:
- Titanium Dioxide
- Ferrosoferric oxide
- FD&C red no. 3
- FD&C yellow no. 6
- FD&C blue no. 1
- D&C yellow no. 10
- Sodium propionate
- Sodium Lauryl Sulphate
- Benzyl Alcohol
Uses of Seromycin
Seromycin is often used along with other medications for treating tuberculosis (TB). Extrapulmonary and active pulmonary tuberculosis are mainly treated with this medication when other primary medications (like rifampin, ethambutol, streptomycin and isoniazid) are inadequate in treating the condition. It is even used for the treatment of urinary tract infections (UTIs). The growth of the bacteria in the urinary tract is stopped using seromycin.
Only bacterial infections can be treated using this antibiotic. Viral infections (for example flu and common cold) cannot be treated using seromycin. The effectiveness of the medication can reduce if it is unnecessarily used or misused.
Side-effects of Seromycin
Cycloserine, the active ingredient present in seromycin may cause side-effects that may require immediate medical attention. Therefore, it is necessary to visit the doctor as soon as any of the following symptoms are visible:
- Suicidal thoughts
- Speech problems
- Mental changes as well as mood changes
- Increased irritability
- Increased restlessness
- Trembling and muscle twitching
- Increased restlessness
- Mental depression
Less common side-effects:
- Skin rash
- Seizures or convulsions
- Feelings of burning pain, numbness, weakness and tingling in the feet or hands
Some of the side-effects may not need any type of medical attention. When the body adapts to the medicine, the side-effects may reduce and finally disappear.
Contraindications of Seromycin
The medicine is contradicted among patients who may have:
- Concurrent and excessive use of alcohol
- Hypersensitivity to the key ingredient, cycloserine
- Severe renal insufficiency
- Psychosis, depression and severe anxiety
The dosage must be discontinued in case the patient develops symptoms of CNS toxicity or allergic dermatitis. Chronic alcoholics have an increased risk of convulsions.
Pregnancy and Seromycin
The effects of this medicine are not yet known during the time of pregnancy. It may cause harm to the new-born if taken during the time of breastfeeding. Therefore, it is important to inform the doctor in case you are pregnant, or plan on becoming pregnant, or if you are breastfeeding. Cycloserine is recommended by the doctor only when there are no better alternatives available and the benefit derived will outweigh the risk associated with the use of seromycin during pregnancy.