Chloromycetin is a medicine used for treating bacterial infections. It is used only in cases where safer antibiotics cannot be used. It was first discovered in 1947 and is on the World Health Organization`s list of essential medicines,which essentially means that it is one of the most significant medications needed in a necessary health care system. It is a man-made antibiotic which slows the growth of bacteria. This medicine is available only with your doctor`s prescription.
Composition of Chloromycetin
Each 1 ml of the medicine has five milligrams of chloramphenicol as the active element. Apart from this it also have phenylmercuric nitrate, borax, boric acid and purified water. In case of an Eye Ointment each 1 gram has ten milligrams of chloramphenicol as the active element. It also contains Liquid paraffin, plastibase 50W. Do note that Chloromycetin does not contain sucrose, gluten, tartrazine, lactose, or any other azo dyes.
Uses of Chloromycetin
It is used to treat bacterial infections, especially in case of eye infections. It is also useful for the treatment of brain abscesses. It should not be used for flu, cold, other virus infection and sore throat. It should also not be used for minor infections or to prevent infections. The side effects of this medicine are very severe and it is very important that you talk to your doctor and understand the risks involved.
Side- Effects of Chloromycetin
Chloromycetin has its own side effects and these side effects will require medical attention. Some of the common side effects are listed below:
- Gray skin color
- Bloated stomach
- Low body temperature
- Uneven breathing
- Mild depression
- Hearing loss
- Gray Syndrome
Apart from these common side effects, there are some less common ones such as pale skin, unusual bleeding, weakness, sore throat, fever, confusion, headache, delirium, eye pain, blurred vision or loss of vision, difficulty in breathing, skin rash, diarrhea, nausea or vomiting. Some of these side effects may not need medical attention. Our body adjusts to the medicine during treatment. For severe side effects it is advised to stop taking Chloromycetin and get themedical help immediately. The doctor can also advise on ways to reduce or prevent some of the side effects.
Contraindications of Chloromycetin
You should avoid this medicine if you are allergic to any ingredients of Chloromycetin or if you have low red blood cell count or white blood cell count. In case you are taking other medications such as cancer chemotherapy which decreases your bone marrow, you should avoid this medicine or let the doctor know beforehand.
Pregnancy and Chloromycetin
This medicine is not known to cause any harm during pregnancy. Chloromycetincan be passed into the breast milk and is not advisable for breastfeeding mothers.