Furadantin, also known as Nitrofurantoin is an antibiotic used to treat certain bladder infections. Ineffective against viral infections, its use is well purposed only towards bacterial infections. Dosage is provided only to infants younger than 1 month old and never provided for even renal infections as that leads to certain undesirable side effects.
Chemical composition and pharmacology
Furadantin is a yellow crystalline, stable chemical compound whose primary ingredient is the nitrofurantoin. It also consists of the following ingredients:
- Carboxymethylcellulose sodium.
- Citric acid.
- Magnesium aluminum silicate.
- Sodium citrate.
- Purified water.
- Added flavours.
Orally administered tablet, the chemical compounds are readily dissolved and soluble in water. It is also highly soluble in urine that imparts a brownish tinge to it.
Furadantin is administered three to four times a day for adults (this pertains to 50-100 mg tablets) while dosage differs for infants and babies according to varying weights. For infants, dosage is administered through liquids that range from 2.5mL four times a day to 10mL with the same frequency for weights ranging from 31 kg to 41 kg.
Furadantin is an antibiotic that causes the following side effects:
- Mild headaches.
- sore throats.
- weakness, numbness.
- Faster than normal heartbeats.
- Muscle pains.
- Yellow or dark brown urine.
However, a darker urine can also indicate other complications that mostly relate to liver diseases and anaemia. If you observe other such side effects like stomach pains, consistent nauseating sensations and yellowing of skin or eyes, take immediate medical help.
Furadantin can be an allergic medication so consult your doctor on possible allergies before consuming this. Furadantin contains ingredients like sorbitol and glycerin that can cause allergies for some patients. Precaution also needs to be observed while going through another medical condition as it can cause side effects on medically affected persons. Physicians normally advise on consulting the doctor and providing medical history before going ahead on administering. Condition of liver, diabetes and even some eye disorders are some of the things that doctors normally ask before prescribing Furadantin.
There are also signs of contraindications as some websites list down. These include signs like Anuria, oliguria and some impairment to the renal function. Since renal functions are disturbed, such patients possess increase risk of toxicity flowing their blood and would require additional treatments. However, not much has been observed during overdoses other than vomiting. The medicine is very water soluble so high fluid intake is recommended in case of vomiting.